Stability is critical for the further development of African countries. Strong government and legal systems are needed to grow economies and increase measures to reduce poverty.
However, certain African countries remain unstable with poorly-developed or struggling systems of government. Some suffer repeated cycles of unrest. Civil wars set back a country’s development by an average of 30 years.
Thankfully the number of wars in Africa is declining. Stronger peacekeeping missions and agreements have helped. Outside aid and investment is also dependent in many cases on evidence of good governance.
Fruits of success
At independence in 1966, Botswana was one of the poorest countries in the world. Now after decades of stable government, the country has become a middle-income nation. And wealth from Botswana’s natural resources is being used for the benefit of all its citizens.